Chemistry Podcast

Sunday, 22 July 2018

What Happens When You Eat Too Much?

What Happens When You Eat Too Much?

Food is a thing that everyone like! But do you know what happens when you eat too much? 
During thanksgiving, marriages, birthday parties’ people eat too much delicious tasty food. Do you know your stomach can rupture after overeating but good news is that your body gives you very strong signal to avoid that condition. 
Stomach of an average human can occupy 1 to 1.5 liter of food before getting urge to vomiting. But your stomach can stretch 4 times to accommodate overeaten food before any stomach rupture can happen.

When you eat too much, your diet gets high in fat, protein, sugar and carbohydrates. Then your parasympathetic nervous system makes your body to focus on digestion and you feel lazy.

Now question is why people feel sleepy as well as happy after eating or overeating? 

After eating meal, Digestion process starts as a result glucose level in body gets increase to maintain that level insulin hormone is released from cells of pancreas. And this insulin hormone also increases the level of melatonin and serotonin hormones and this increased level of melatonin and serotonin hormones makes you feel sleepy as well as happy.

Now there is another commonly asked question, why people get fat?

Fat cells in your body produces leptin hormone. This hormone tells your brain that you are no longer hungry.  So you have to stop eating after getting alert from leptin. But people ignore alerts by leptin hormone and make habit of regularly overeating. Slowly brain gets resistance to leptin, which in turns need more fat cells to tell your brain that you are no longer hungry as quantity of leptin hormone is directly proportional to the amount of fat cells. So as a result you become overweight or obese

Friday, 20 July 2018

Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Arithmetic MCQs Part 22

Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Arithmetic MCQs

This is continuous series of chemistry MCQs, so in this post we cover 20 MCQs of chapter Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Arithmetic.

MCQ-1.  What is SI unit of temperature :


MCQ-2.  Prefix 1018 is :


MCQ-3.  Derived SI Unit of Area is :


MCQ-4.  Which one of the following is a physical change :

  Burning of carbon in air
  Burning of sulphur in air
  Conversion of white phosphorus to red phosphorus
  corrosion of metals

MCQ-5.  Law of Multiple Proportions was proposed by which of the following scientist :


MCQ-6.  Which pair of compounds illustrate the law of multiple proportions :

  H2S and SO2
  FeCl2 and FeCl3
  CuO and Cu2O
  NH3 and NCl3

MCQ-7.  The ratio of the rates of the diffusion of a given element to that of helium is 4. what is the molecular weight of the element :


MCQ-8.  The Law of Reciprocal proportions can be used to determine :

  Atomic weight of a gas
  molecular weiht of gases
  equivalent weights
  all of these

MCQ-9.  The specific heat of a metal is 0.16 , its approximate atomic weight would be _____________ :


MCQ-10.  Atomic weight of a trivalent element of equivalent weight 9 is_____ :


MCQ-11.  Which property of element is always a whole number :

  Atomic weight
  Atomic Number
  Atomic Volume
  Equivalent Weight

MCQ-12.  A metallic oxide contains 60% of the metal. The equivalent weight of the metal is ________ :


MCQ-13.  Equivalent weight of an acid is _______ whose basicity is 3 :

  Molecular Weight/1
  Molecular Weight/2
  Molecular Weight/3
  Molecular Weight/4

MCQ-14.  90 gram of water contains how many moles :


MCQ-15.  which one of the following has maximum number of atoms :

  24 gram of C (12)
  56 gram of Fe (56)
  26 gram of Al (27)
  108 gram of Ag(108)

MCQ-16.  18 gram of water contains :

  1 gram of hydrogen
  2 gram of hydrogen
  3 gram of hydrogen
  4 gram of hydrogen

MCQ-17.  volume of 4.4 gram of carbon di oxide at STP is________ :

  22.4 litres
  2.24 litres
  44.8 litres
  4.48 litres

MCQ-18.  Avogadro Number of Helium atom weighs ______ gram :


MCQ-19.  A hydrocarbon containing 86% carbon. 448 mL of the hydrocarbon weighs 1.68 gram at STP, Then hydrocarbon is an __________ :


MCQ-20.  The % of nitrogen in urea is about________ :


Chemistry formulas for Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Arithmetic Part I

Atomic Weight related Chemical Formulas

·         Atomic Weight of an Element = Weight of an average Atom of that Element/ (1/12)x Mass of an element of C12
·         1 a.m.u. = 1.66x10-24g
·         Atomic Weight = Gram Atomic Weight (GAW)
·          1 Gram Atomic Weight (GAW) of every element contains 6.023x1023 atoms of that element.
·         No. of gram of an element = weight of element in gram/ Gram Atomic Weight (GAW) of that element

Methods of Determining Atomic Weight

                         i.     Dulong and Pettits Method: 

                                                                  Applicable only for solid elements except Be, B, C, Si.
·      Atomic Weight  x Specific Heat = 6.4 (app.)
·      Atomic Weight  (app.) = 6.4/ Specific Heat (in Calories)
·      Exact Atomic Weight = Equivalent Weight x Valency
·      Valency = App. Atomic Weight / Equivalent Weight

                        ii.     Vapour Density Method: 

                                                              Applicable only for those elements whose chlorides are volatile.
·         Valency of the Element = Molecular Weight of Chloride / Equivalent Weight of Chloride
·         Valency of the Element = (2 x V.D. of Chloride) / (Equivalent Weight of Metal + 35.5)
Where, V.D. = Vapour Density
·         Atomic Weight = Equivalent Weight of Metal x Valency

                      iii.     Specific Heat Method: 

                                                          Applicable only for Gases.
·         Cp/Cv for monoatomic gases = 1.66
·         Cp/Cv for diatomic gases = 1.40
·         Cp/Cv for triatomic gases = 1.33
·         Atomic Weight of Gaseous Element = Molecular Weight/ Atomicity
Where, Atomicity is number of atoms present in a molecule of a gaseous element. For example atomicity of Inert Gas is 1, atomicity of Ozone is 3, atomicity of H2 N2 O2 X2 is 2, and atomicity of Sulphur is 8.

                     iv.     Volatile Chloride Formation Method:

·         Atomic Weight of the Element = Equivalent Weight (Z) x Valency (x)

                       v.     Isomorphism Method: 

                                                        This method based on law of Isomorphism. According to law of Isomorphism, “Compounds having identical crystal structure have similar constitution and chemical formula”
·         Atomic Weight = Equivalent Weight x Valency
·         Weight of Element A that combines with certain weight of other elements/Weight of Element B that combines with the same weight of other elements = Atomic Weight of A / Atomic Weight of B

Molecular Weight related Chemical Formulas

·         Molecular Weight = Weight of 1 Molecule of the Substance/ (1/12)x Weight of 1 atom of C12
·         Actual Weight of 1 Molecule = Molecular Weight x 1.66x10-24g

Methods of Determining Atomic Weight

1.              Diffusion Method: 

                                          Applicable only for gases.

Where,  r1 & r2 is rate of diffusion of gases and M& M2 is Molecular Weight.

2.              Vapour Density Method: 

                                                    Applicable only for gases.
·         Molecular Weight = 2 x Vapour Density

3.              Victor Mayer Method:  

                                                 Applicable only for volatile liquids and solids.
·         Molecular Weight of a substance = 22400 ml of vapour of a substance at STP

Equivalent Weight related Chemical Formulas

·         No. of Gram Equivalent Weight = Weight of the substance in gram/ Gram Equivalent Weight of the substance
·         Equivalent Weight of an Element = Atomic Weight/ Valency
·         Equivalent Weight of an Acid = Molecular Weight/ Basicity
·         Equivalent Weight of an Base = Molecular Weight/ Acidity
·         Equivalent Weight of a Salt = Formula Weight/ Total Positive or Negative Charge
·         Equivalent Weight of a Reducing Agent = Formula Weight/ No. of electrons lost per molecule or Total change in Oxidation Number
·         Equivalent Weight of an Oxidising Agent = Formula Weight/ No. of electrons gained per molecule or Total change in Oxidation Number
·         Equivalent Weight of Radicals = Formula Weight of Radical/ No. of units of Charge.....


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