Friday, 26 June 2015

Photo electric effect

Photo Electric Effect

=>  given by H. Hertz(1887)
=>  When a beam of light strike a metal surface then electrons were ejected. This phenomena is known as photo electric effect.
1.     Electrons ejected from metal surface when beam of  light strike the metal surface
2.     Number of electron ejected is directly proportional to intensity (or brightness) of light
3.     There is characteristic minimum frequency (n0 threshold frequency) below which photoelectric effect is not observed.
4.     If n > n0 then electrons comes out with kinetic energy which increases with increase in frequency of light.
Kinetic energy of ejected electrons is given by-
h n = h n0+ ½(meV2)

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