# 27 Famous Mathematicians Scientists and their Inventions & Contribution

Many mathematicians and scientists have made significant contributions to the field of mathematics, this article on 27 famous mathematics scientists along and their inventions or contributions. Here we discuss name of mathematician, their date of birth, death date, birthplace, invention or discovery in the field of mathematics.

1. Euclid (c. 300 BCE):

- Born: c. 300 BCE

- Died: Unknown

- Birthplace: Unknown

- Contribution: Known as the "Father of Geometry," Euclid compiled the Elements, a comprehensive compilation of knowledge in geometry.

2. Pythagoras (c. 570–495 BCE):

- Born: c. 570 BCE

- Died: c. 495 BCE

- Birthplace: Samos, Ionia (modern-day Greece)

- Contribution: Pythagorean Theorem, which relates the sides of a right triangle.

3. Archimedes (c. 287–212 BCE):

- Born: c. 287 BCE

- Died: c. 212 BCE

- Birthplace: Syracuse, Sicily (modern-day Italy)

- Contribution: Fundamental contributions to geometry, calculus, and mechanics, including the principle of buoyancy.

4. Isaac Newton (1642–1727):

- Born: January 4, 1643

- Died: March 31, 1727

- Birthplace: Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England

- Contribution: Developed calculus independently, formulated the laws of motion, and made significant contributions to physics.

5. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716):

- Born: July 1, 1646

- Died: November 14, 1716

- Birthplace: Leipzig, Electorate of Saxony (modern-day Germany)

- Contribution: Independently developed calculus and introduced the binary system, foundational for computers.

6. Leonhard Euler (1707–1783):

- Born: April 15, 1707

- Died: September 18, 1783

- Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland

- Contribution: Made key contributions to topology, graph theory, and introduced much notation still in use, including "e" for the base of natural logarithms.

7. Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777–1855):

- Born: April 30, 1777

- Died: February 23, 1855

- Birthplace: Brunswick, Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (modern-day Germany)

- Contribution: Made contributions to number theory, statistics, and algebra; discovered the method of least squares.

8. Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749–1827):

- Born: March 23, 1749

- Died: March 5, 1827

- Birthplace: Beaumont-en-Auge, Normandy, France

- Contribution: Developed celestial mechanics and the Laplace transform in mathematics.

9. Bernhard Riemann (1826–1866):

- Born: September 17, 1826

- Died: July 20, 1866

- Birthplace: Breselenz, Kingdom of Hanover (modern-day Germany)

- Contribution: Riemannian geometry, which laid the foundation for Einstein's theory of relativity.

10. Évariste Galois (1811–1832):

- Born: October 25, 1811

- Died: May 31, 1832

- Birthplace: Bourg-la-Reine, Kingdom of France (modern-day France)

- Contribution: Developed group theory, which has applications in many areas of mathematics.

11. David Hilbert (1862–1943):

- Born: January 23, 1862

- Died: February 14, 1943

- Birthplace: Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (modern-day Kaliningrad, Russia)

- Contribution: Made contributions to algebraic number theory and formulated the famous Hilbert's problems.

12. Henri Poincaré (1854–1912):

- Born: April 29, 1854

- Died: July 17, 1912

- Birthplace: Nancy, France

- Contribution: Worked on topology, celestial mechanics, and introduced the concept of chaos theory.

13. Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887–1920):

- Born: December 22, 1887

- Died: April 26, 1920

- Birthplace: Erode, Madras Presidency, British India (modern-day Tamil Nadu, India)

- Contribution: Made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, and infinite series.

14. Kurt Gödel (1906–1978):

- Born: April 28, 1906

- Died: January 14, 1978

- Birthplace: Brünn, Austria-Hungary (modern-day Brno, Czech Republic)

- Contribution: Proved the incompleteness theorems, which have far-reaching implications in logic and philosophy.

15. Alan Turing (1912–1954):

- Born: June 23, 1912

- Died: June 7, 1954

- Birthplace: Maida Vale, London, England

- Contribution: Father of computer science; played a crucial role in breaking the Enigma code during World War II.

16. John von Neumann (1903–1957):

- Born: December 28, 1903

- Died: February 8, 1957

- Birthplace: Budapest, Austria-Hungary (modern-day Hungary)

- Contribution: Significant contributions to game theory, quantum mechanics, and computer science.

17. Andrew Wiles (b. 1953):

- Born: April 11, 1953

- Still Alive

- Birthplace: Cambridge, England

- Contribution: Proved Fermat's Last Theorem, a problem unsolved for over 350 years.

18. Mary Cartwright (1900–1998):

- Born: December 17, 1900

- Died: April 3, 1998

- Birthplace: Aynho, Northamptonshire, England

- Contribution: Made contributions to non-linear differential equations and chaos theory.

19. John Nash (1928–2015):

- Born: June 13, 1928

- Died: May 23, 2015

- Birthplace: Bluefield, West Virginia, USA

- Contribution: Worked on game theory, differential geometry, and won the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences.

20. Grigori Perelman (b. 1966):

- Born: June 13, 1966

- Still Alive

- Birthplace: Leningrad, Soviet Union (modern-day Saint Petersburg, Russia)

- Contribution: Proved the Poincaré conjecture, a significant problem in topology.

21. Élie Cartan (1869–1951):

- Born: April 9, 1869

- Died: May 6, 1951

- Birthplace: Dolomieu, Isère, France

- Contribution: Developed the theory of Lie groups and made

significant contributions to differential geometry.

22. Niels Henrik Abel (1802–1829):

- Born: August 5, 1802

- Died: April 6, 1829

- Birthplace: Island of Finnøy, Kingdom of Denmark-Norway (modern-day Norway)

- Contribution: Pioneered group theory and proved the impossibility of solving the general quintic equation.

23. Sophie Germain (1776–1831):

- Born: April 1, 1776

- Died: June 27, 1831

- Birthplace: Paris, France

- Contribution: Made significant contributions to elasticity theory and Fermat's Last Theorem.

24. Andrey Kolmogorov (1903–1987):

- Born: April 25, 1903

- Died: October 20, 1987

- Birthplace: Tambov, Russian Empire (modern-day Russia)

- Contribution: Founder of probability theory, co-developed turbulence theory.

25. Ada Lovelace (1815–1852):

- Born: December 10, 1815

- Died: November 27, 1852

- Birthplace: London, England

- Contribution: Worked on Charles Babbage's Analytical Engine; wrote the first algorithm intended for implementation on a computer.

26. Euclid of Megara (c. 435–365 BCE):

- Born: c. 435 BCE

- Died: c. 365 BCE

- Birthplace: Megara, Greece

- Contribution: Founder of the Megarian school of philosophy; contributed to logic and geometry.

27. Emmy Noether (1882–1935):

- Born: March 23, 1882

- Died: April 14, 1935

- Birthplace: Erlangen, German Empire (modern-day Germany)

- Contribution: Developed Noether's theorem, linking symmetries and conservation laws; foundational work in abstract algebra.

These mathematicians have made remarkable contributions to various branches of mathematics, enriching the field with their groundbreaking discoveries and theories. These mathematics scientists have made notable contributions to various mathematical disciplines, ranging from algebra and geometry to probability theory and computer science.