Top 10 interesting facts about Lithium

Top 10 Interesting Facts about Lithium

Lithium is a fascinating element with a wide range of interesting properties and applications. It belongs to s-block elements of periodic table. Here are the top 10 interesting facts about lithium:

  1. Lightest Metal: Lithium is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element on the periodic table. Lithium metal is so light that it can even float on water.
  2. Abundance: Despite its lightness, lithium is relatively rare in nature. It's typically found in small quantities in various minerals and in salt flats, like the Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia, which contains a significant portion of the world's lithium reserves.
  3. Chemical Reactivity: Lithium is highly reactive. It readily reacts with water, producing hydrogen gas and heat. This reaction is used in lithium batteries.
  4. Medicinal Uses: Lithium salts, such as lithium carbonate (Li
    are used to treat bipolar disorder and depression. It can help in stabilizing the mood and reducing the severity of manic episodes.
  5. Nuclear Fusion: Lithium is considered a potential fuel for nuclear fusion, the process that powers the sun. Lithium metal is used to create tritium, a radioactive isotope, which can fuel fusion reactions.
  6. Lithium Batteries: Lithium-ion batteries have revolutionized portable electronics and are widely used in smartphones, iPad, laptops, electric cars, and more. Lithium-ion batteries are known for their high energy density and rechargeability.
  7. Grease and Lubricants: Lithium-based greases and lubricants are commonly used in machinery and automotive applications due to their high melting points and stability.
  8. High Thermal Conductivity: Lithium has excellent thermal conductivity, making it useful in various applications where heat dissipation is very important, such as in nuclear reactors and aerospace components.
  9. Elevated Mental State: Some mineral springs and waters with high lithium concentrations have been associated with a sense of well-being and relaxation. This has led to the belief that lithium-rich waters may have a calming effect.
  10. Space Exploration: Lithium is used in the construction of spacecraft and satellites. It has the advantage of being lightweight and having excellent resistance to extreme temperature changes.

Lithium's unique properties and applications make it a valuable element in various fields, from energy storage to healthcare and aerospace.

lithium facts

Physical and Chemical Properties of Lithium

Given below are the physical and chemical properties of Lithium element.



Chemical Properties

Chemical Symbol


Atomic Number


Atomic Weight (amu)


Electron Configuration

[He] 2s1


Li-6, Li-7


Highly reactive; readily forms compounds.

Oxidation State

Typically, +1 in compounds

Physical Properties

State at Standard Conditions

Solid (metal)

Melting Point

180.54°C (356.97°F)

Boiling Point

1347°C (2457°F)

Density (at 20°C)

0.534 g/cm³

Molar Mass

6.94 g/mol


Soft, silvery-white metal


Soluble in nonpolar solvents, insoluble in water

Thermal Conductivity

High thermal conductivity

Electrical Conductivity

Good conductor of electricity

These properties highlight the unique characteristics of lithium as a highly reactive metal with excellent thermal and electrical conductivity. Lithium is commonly used in batteries, ceramics, and various industrial applications.

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