Chemistry Podcast

Showing posts with label Project And Assignment. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Project And Assignment. Show all posts

Sunday, 25 December 2016

Catalytic Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide H2O2 – Elephant’s Toothpaste Experiment

Catalytic Decomposition of H2O2 – Elephant’s Toothpaste Experiment

Catalytic Decomposition of H2O2 – Elephant’s Toothpaste Experiment
Elephant's toothpaste is a foamy substance formed as a result of rapid decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Elephant’s toothpaste reaction experiment is generally used for classroom demonstrations as it requires fewer ingredients and makes a "volcano of foam".
Elephant toothpaste


H2O2 is decomposed by Iodide Ion. Iodide ion is used as a catalyst and these iodide ions come from KI (Potassium Iodide) or NaI (Sodium Iodide). This decomposition reaction liberates water, oxygen and heat.


30% H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide)
1 Liter Graduated cylinder
KI (Potassium Iodide) or NaI (Sodium Iodide).
Food Color for fun
Liquid Dish Detergent


1.  Pour 50 mL of 30% H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide) in 1 L graduated cylinder.
2.  Then, add 3-4 drops of food color in 1 L graduated cylinder to make colored H2O2 solution.
3.  Then, start adding liquid dish detergent or soap from the side of 1 L graduated cylinder to make a small layer of liquid dish detergent or soap over colored H2O2 solution.
4.  With the help of small beaker add KI or NaI in the cylinder containing H2O2 solution. As a result of reaction, oxygen gas generated and this gas creates large amount of colored foam. This foam comes out of graduated cylinder.


Decomposition of H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide) yields O2 (oxygen) and H2O (water). Reaction is catalyzed by I- (Iodide Ion); These Iodide Ion comes from KI or NaI


H2O2 (Aq) + I-1 (Aq) ---> H2O (liquid) + IO- (Aq)
IO- (Aq) + H2O2 (Aq) ---> H2O (liquid) +O2 (g) + I- (Aq)

Overall Reaction-

2H2O2 (Aq) ---> 2H2O (liquid) +O2 (g)


Wear proper protective equipment likes hand-gloves and safety goggles when preparing and demonstrating this experiment. Remember concentrated H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide) can cause burns.

Video of Catalytic Decomposition of H2O2 – Elephant’s Toothpaste Experiment:

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Wednesday, 2 November 2016

Chemical Test

Chemical Test

In Chemistry, Chemical Test are performed to measure or analyze Biochemical, Organic and Inorganic elements and chemical compounds. Chemical testing of water, chemical composition analysis of any compound, chemical test for organic compounds, chemical test for inorganic compounds, chemical test for functional groups, elemental analysis, chemical testing of food for its ingredients and to detect presence of any sort of insecticide pesticide in it, chemical test perform in chemistry labs etc are the some examples where we perform chemical tests. Now we think you have now somewhat idea to give answer of question what is chemical test?
chemical tests

What is Chemical Test

In the scientific field of chemistry, chemical tests are the methods to detect the presence and amount of chemical compound or chemical group with the help of some chemicals or reagent. Chemical tests are performed according to chemical testing methods in chemical testing labs for elemental analysis and chemical composition analysis.

Chemical Test Definition

Chemical test is a qualitative or quantitative method intended to confirm the presence and amount of a chemical compound or chemical group with the help of chemicals or specific reagent.

Chemical Testing Methods

Chemical testing methods are step by step procedure to perform some sort of chemical tests. These procedures are written and proven for its quality testing to deliver results with high accuracy. Generally chemical testing labs have SOPs (Standard Operating Procedures), these SOPs provide step by step guidance to a chemist to perform specific test.

Chemical Analysis Methods

Their are so many chemical analysis methods, below is the list of some of them-

Acid Test 

                Test which are performed with the help of acids like Acid Test of Gold.

Barfoed's Test 

                      It is a chemical test performed to detect the presence of monosaccharides in the sample

Bromine Test 

                  In organic chemistry, It is a qualitative test to detect the presence of unsaturation ( means carbon-to-carbon double bonds or carbon-to-carbon triple bonds) and phenols.

Carbylamine Reaction

It is also known as Hoffman's Isocyanide Test. This chemical test is performed to detect primary amines.

Flame Test

                In inorganic chemistry, Flame test is performed to detect metals, elements or chemical compounds as they produce some characteristic colors.

Monday, 15 August 2016

Chemistry Notes in Hindi Medium

हिंदी माध्यम में रसायन विज्ञान नोट्स

हिंदी में हमारे रसायन शास्त्र के नोट्स पाने के लिए नीचे दिखाए चरणों का पालन करें -
अ -  सबसे पहले हमारी वेबसाइट पर जाएँ
ब - दाहिने और देखें, आपको ब्लॉग आर्काइव के निचे भासा बदलने का बटन मिलेगा उसे दबाएं और अपनी भासा चयन करें
स - कुछ समय इंतजार करें, पूरी वेबसाइट आपकी भासा में परिवर्तित हो जाएगी
हम क्लास ९, १०, ११, १२, स्नातक, स्नातकोत्तर की केमिस्ट्री के नोट्स उपलब्थ करवाते हैं
केमिस्ट्री के नोट्स पाने के लिए हमारी वेबसाइट "" को सब्सक्राइब लाइक और सेयर करें
केमिस्ट्रीनोट्सइन्फो.कॉम Chemistry notes in Hindi Language

  Chemistry Notes In Hindi Medium

To get our chemistry study tutorials lecture notes in Hindi do the following steps as shown below..... 

A. First visit our website 

B. Right hand side in the page, below Blog Archive, a language converting tab is given with name - Translate our Notes in your Language

C. Click on language conversation tab and select your preferred language like HINDI

D. Wait for some time, all website get convert into Hindi or your selected language. 

E. Read notes in your selected language like Hindi language.

In this way you get existing chemistry notes pages in Hindi Language. Alternatively, You the Chemistry Lovers ! Get chemistry notes in Hindi with Below Label-

These are the steps how to get chemistry notes for classes 9,10,11,12, and degree online notes for bachelor, master degree in Hindi medium. You get chemistry notes related to these search terms or many more on this website .....

Author Jitendra Singh Sandhu create different websites and YouTube Channels to help the students in their studies and others to get news, information, entertainment. This is a free site where you will get notes on Chemistry. Our links of different channels and platforms are given below-

Sunday, 17 July 2016

Extraction of Essential Oil by Steam Distillation of Tulsi (Ocimum Basillicum)

Extraction of Essential Oil by Steam Distillation of Tulsi (Ocimum Basillicum)

Essential oils are insoluble in water and evaporate easily. We can obtain essential oil from plant tissues by distillation or extraction processes. Generally essential oils are obtain from every part of plant like stem, root, leaves, flowers, seed, branches etc. And these essential oils are used in the preparation of drugs, cosmetics and perfumes.
Holi Tulsi Plant
Ocimum Basillicum means Tulsi is an aromatic plant. Ocimum Basillicum is used to obtain essential oil useful for different application. This oil evaporates within 24 hours after applying it to our body. This essential oil helps in cure of digestion problem, strained muscles, headaches and nervous breakdowns. Due to its good medicinal properties and aroma its demand is very high in many countries. A person or company can build a small or large scale industry for the extraction of essential oil from Ocimum Basillicum (Tulsi).

Top 10 General qualitative properties of Ocimum Basillicum essential oil are given below-

essential oil extraction equipment photo1.  Appearance : Transparent fluid
2.  Color : Pale yellow
3.  Fragrance : Ocimum Basillicum’s distinctive flavor and fragrance
4.  Refractive Index on 20°C : 1.51200 to1.51900
5.  Specific Gravity on 25°C : 0.95200 to 0.97300
6.  Optical gyration on 25°C : [-] 8.85º to [-] 11.85º
7.  Well mixed with Hydroxycitronellal
8.  Insoluble in water
9.  Dissolved in paraffin oil

How to obtain oil from holi Tulsi plant?

The extraction of essential oil by steam distillation of ocimum basillicum (Tulsi) is a solid-liquid extraction process. This process completes in following steps-
Flow diagram of steam distilatillation
1.  Collect plant material and dry it if required.
2.  Fill this plant material in distillation vessel.
3.  Add water or solvent (like Ethanol, n-Hexane) in distillation vessel.
4.  Heat the mixture in well-equipped distillation vessel in control environment and controlled temperature, then
5.  Diffusion of essential oil from inside of solid material of plant to its surface occurs, then
6.  Transfer of mass from surface of plant solid material to surrounding liquid occurs, then
7.  This liquid contains essential oil which is obtained by reverse cooler.
8.  Then the collection of above liquid obtained from reverse cooler is put to stand for some time then essential oil come over water, then
9.  We perform layer separation to separate out essential oil from water, then
10.              Store this essential oil in dark, closed vessel for future use.
how to obtain Essential oil by steam distillation ?
The experimental results proves that yield of essential oil of Tulsi (Ocimum-Basillicum)  from only leaves of plant is slightly higher than from the mixture of leaves and stems (means plant crush).


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